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Tetanus

The only reliable remedy for tetanus – this deadly disease – is vaccination.

Do not risk the lives of your children! Make sure your child gets the full course of such vaccines.

And yourself every 10 years come to the clinic for vaccinations against tetanus.

How many years have passed, and I still can not forget that terrible story. We lived in the country and our neighbors were a family: a father, mother, a 9-year-old son and a girl of 15 years. I really liked her: tall, leggy. with a shock of red hair and always cheerful. Called the girl Nastya.

Once she washed the floor and on the steps of the porch she threw a finger. With a needle, Nastya pulled a splinter and tied a finger with a bandage.

About a week later, the girl felt bad: lost her appetite, swallowing, frowning from pain. Parents decided that she had a sore throat. But only when it became difficult for the girl to open her mouth and she started having cramps in the muscles of her face and finally called a doctor. Seeing the patient, he immediately began to ask the girl if she had any cuts or abrasions. It was then that it turned out that she had a finger.

The girl was taken to the hospital, but the doctors could not save her. On the 4th day Nastya was gone. The cause of her death was tetanus.

Since ancient times, people have been aware of: tetanus is an extremely dangerous disease. In Greece, it was called “tetanos”. what is meant by convulsions, torpor; in India and Pakistan – dgunkova. “Daura” (convulsions), in the Arab countries – “gazats” (illness after being cut by glass). In ancient Chinese manuscripts, tetanus is designated by the term “Pshyan-Fong” (a disease caused by a wound).

The causative agent of tetanus enters the body through damaged skin from the surface of the instrument. caused damage, but most often with soil particles. It is noticed that they get sick mainly after cuts and abrasions, which themselves do not threaten life and performance. In such cases, people usually do not consider it necessary to see a doctor. Another thing – a serious injury, injury. Then the person turns to a medical institution. There are mandatory conduct specific emergency prevention of tetanus.

The main habitat of tetanus pathogen is soil. In chernozem fertile soils, tetanus bacillus is much more common than in soils poor in humic organic substances. Therefore, tetanus is more common in agricultural areas with fertile soils and a humid warm climate. Residents of the countryside suffer from 4 to 6 times more often than citizens. In the spring, when the earth is freed from snow, the incidence of tetanus rises and reaches a maximum at the height of summer.

Symptoms of the disease are usually detected 10 to 14 days after the germs enter the wound. The period from infection to the onset of the disease can vary from 1 – 4 days to a month or more.

The disease begins acutely, but sometimes it is preceded by indisposition, pulling pain in the wound area. Signs of incipient tetanus – convulsive contractions of the chewing muscles (trismus), increasing difficulty in opening the mouth, painful swallowing, tension of the occipital muscles.

If these symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor. With the help of modern intensive treatment methods, about half of the cases can be saved. If the measures are not taken on time, the disease progresses steadily. The face of the patient due to convulsions of the facial muscles acquires a specific expression called a “sardonic smile”: forehead in wrinkles, eyes narrowed, lips stretched, and the corners of the mouth lowered. Then cramps cover the neck muscles. chest, abdomen, back, legs and arms. Sometimes the muscles tighten so that the body of the patient takes the form of an arc, with two points of support: in the region of the neck and the heels. Death comes from respiratory arrest.

You should be aware that the ONLY RELIABLE METHOD OF PROTECTION AGAINST COLUMN IS AN ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION OF COLUMN ANATOXIN. BEGINNING FROM EARLY CHILDHOOD.

According to the current schedule of preventive vaccinations in our country, children from 3 months of age should receive a full course of immunization (primary vaccination and revaccination). To do this, use adsorbed pertussis-diphtheria-tetanus vaccine (DPT), which vaccinate the child three times with a 1.5-month interval. Revaccination against diphtheria and tetanus is carried out in 1.5 – 2 years, and then in 9 and 16 years.

However, the body’s immunity to tetanus decreases 10 years after vaccination. Therefore, each person, especially if he is engaged in agricultural work or lives in rural areas. must do revaccination at the polyclinic every 10 years (administration of tetanus toxoid), and those who suffer from allergies should certainly inform the doctor about it.

If a person was given toxoid and serum in connection with an injury or injury, then he will need revaccination in 10 years.

However, the body’s immunity to tetanus decreases 10 years after vaccination. Therefore, each person, especially if he is engaged in agricultural work or lives in rural areas. must do revaccination at the polyclinic every 10 years (administration of tetanus toxoid), and those who suffer from allergies should certainly inform the doctor about it.

If a person was given toxoid and serum in connection with an injury or injury, then he will need revaccination in 10 years.

In recent years, cases of tetanus have become more frequent among older people who have and work on gardening plots. This is because the vaccine against tetanus was made long ago, and some are not immunized at all. To avoid such danger. Older people need to be vaccinated against tetanus in the clinic.

After working on the site, any agricultural types of labor, take a shower, change clothes.

And, of course, it is important to monitor the cleanliness of the body and underwear. Indeed, in the dust that accumulates on the skin, there are many microbes, among them there may be pathogens of tetanus. And at the slightest damage to the skin tetanus bacillus easily enters the body.

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