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Smoking harms your health

For a long time, a person has been trying to learn how to manage his mood, stimulate work capacity, take measures to calm down … Many consider tobacco smoking to be one of such means.

The fact is that the alkaloid nicotine contained in tobacco has a two-phase effect on the nervous system, causing its short excitement, which is quickly replaced by a phase of inhibition, depression. A smoker, agitated by an unpleasant conversation or news, tries to draw on a cigarette sooner: he knows that after a few puffs, nicotine will “calm his nerves”. A smoker grabs a cigarette even when he feels tired and wants to regain his former working capacity and improve his mood. He does this because a trace of the once-refreshing effect of a cigarette has been stored in his memory, even though it was very short.

Tobacco smoke for a very short time removes the feeling of fatigue and with each cigarette this period of time is shortened. There comes a moment when fatigue is no longer removed, and the person is farther and farther from the goal: instead of the expected surge of power, lifting the smoked cigarette, it is more and more difficult to do work, slowing down the activity of the cerebral cortex. Most smokers engaged in mental work, know from their own experience that by the end of the working day a cigarette not only does not help the recovery of working capacity, but causes a headache, inability to concentrate. And this is not an accident, but an objective regularity arising from the mechanism of nicotine action on the body, primarily on the central nervous system.

The report of the special committee of experts of the World Health Organization, summarizing all accumulated observations in 1980 about the effects of nicotine on human health and performance, reported that even pilots, people of excellent health, smoking tobacco reduced vision, impaired coordination of movements and quick response. Consequently, in addition to the harm to the health of the pilot himself, the danger to the lives of passengers and the safety of sophisticated equipment becomes real.

Exactly the same situation occurs when smoking while driving. No wonder in some countries for driving while intoxicated or with a cigarette in the mouth of drivers punished equally strictly.

The ability to clearly respond to different signals and quickly make responsible decisions is needed, of course, not only to those who manage different types of transport. In modern highly mechanized production, these qualities are necessary for any worker. whether it is a furnace, an apparatchik. control panel operator …

Some researchers with a lack of speed of reaction in smokers associate a greater frequency of accidents with them in production compared with non-smokers. Fires and explosions also occur frequently in the fault of smokers.

To imagine the scale of disasters. which this epidemic of smoking brings to humanity, it is necessary to recall the diseases caused by smoking. Here it is also appropriate to refer to the findings of the WHO expert committee. They show that morbidity and mortality rates everywhere among smokers are higher compared to non-smokers, regardless of gender and age. Smokers are twice as likely to die before they reach 65 years of age. According to statistics, among those who died of lung cancer – 90% are smokers from coronary heart disease – 25%. And at the same time, experts believe that after quitting smoking the risk of developing lung cancer gradually decreases and in 10 years reaches the same low level as in non-smokers; the risk of dying from coronary heart disease is also reduced. For people who have suffered a myocardial infarction and who quit smoking because of this, the risk of a second fatal heart attack is halved compared with continuing to smoke. There is something to think about!

Speaking about the serious consequences of smoking, you can not bind them exclusively with nicotine. As a result of the high temperature at the tip of a burning cigarette (about 600 °), carbon monoxide (carbon monoxide), tar products, ammonia, benzpyrene, and other compounds that make up tobacco smoke are also formed. Many of them are carcinogenic.

Carbon monoxide contained in tobacco smoke forms a persistent compound with blood hemoglobin – carboxyhemoglobim, unable to carry oxygen to body tissues.

And when performing physical and any mental work, the need of muscle tissue and brain tissue for oxygen increases sharply. Hence, fatigue, feeling unwell, insomnia and other nervous disorders.

Already insignificant doses of nicotine increase the blood levels of adrenaline, increase the consumption of vitamins, in particular ascorbic acid and thiamine, reduce the neutralizing function of the liver. Therefore, is it any wonder that the incidence of temporary disability among smokers is much higher than among non-smokers.

Smoking tobacco especially affects the health of people working in the mining. coal, chemical industry and a number of other industries. In the mining and coal industries, for example, if the maximum permissible concentration of dust in the air is exceeded, there is a risk of the development of so-called dust bronchitis among workers. The substances contained in tobacco smoke also cause the development of chronic bronchitis, which is well known to every smoker with experience. The combined effect on the mucous membranes of the bronchi of coal or mine dust and tobacco smoke increases the risk of developing dusty bronchitis or aggravates it.

It is very dangerous to smoke, working with chemical compounds – chromium, nickel, asbestos and other substances widely used in industry and agriculture.

Bulgarian scientists who conducted research at enterprises producing nitrile of acrylic acid, widely used in the production of synthetic fibers, found that the content of its toxic metabolite, thiocyanate, in the blood of smoking workers is higher than that of non-smokers. The risk of poisoning, decrease in working capacity among smoking workers is also higher than that of other people employed in this industry.

Tobacco smoke is especially incompatible with the action of various pesticides, substances used in the production of synthetic resins, synthetic fibers and various polymeric materials, various solvents.

The need to combat the smoking epidemic is obvious. Society as a whole is interested in this, each of us must be interested in it.

The eradication of smoking is a difficult task, but completely solvable. About 90% of those who quit smoking, according to WHO, did it themselves, without any help from specialists. However, in some cases, a person who does not manage to quit smoking himself, needs medical assistance. The intervention of a physician using hypnosis or drugs does not give a 100 percent effect, which is primarily due to the peculiarities of the volitional sphere of smokers. Nevertheless, the persistent effect, when a person does not pull a year or more, is 15 – 25%. At first glance, this percentage seems low, but it must be borne in mind that usually people who belong, as they say, to high-risk groups and for whom smoking cessation is a matter of maintaining health and prolonging life, turn for help to the doctor. In these cases, the positive effect of treatment is of particular importance.

Not only from the medical service, but also from the general public requires daily and effective attention to those who quit smoking, and to those. who has already done it. We must, for example, remember. that in the presence of former smokers should not smoke, and in dealing with them to take into account that quitting this habit becomes irritable for some time, and sometimes unbalanced.

Throwing and quitting smoking should avoid stressful situations and nervous overstrain, which induce to grab the “saving” cigarette. No need to try to relieve fatigue with her; better do some exercise, ventilate the room, switch. if possible, to another job.

Experience shows that quitting smoking is best during the holidays, when you can distract yourself from cigarettes with a wide variety of activities. Some people are helped to overcome this bad habit by chewing gum, candy. Gradually, the desire to smoke will appear less and less, and the duration of this despotic desire will become less each time.

So do not delay your decision to quit smoking. Your health and high performance will be your reward.

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